Saturday, 1 September 2018

What is System Testing?

Software testing is always considered as the main component in software development life cycle as it helps in detecting the bugs in the existing software and also helps in maintaining the software quality. 
If you are also going to develop software application then I must suggest you to perform software testing to get out bets in the market. But before going into software testing you must have some knowledge about testing and its types.
In this blog I will discuss about the system testing and how it is used in the IT industry.
Generally System testing is the type of testing to check the behaviour of a complete software product based on the software requirements specification (SRS) document. The main focus of this testing is to evaluate Business / Functional / End-user requirements.
Testing the completely included applications including exterior peripherals to be capable to check on how components connect to each other and with the machine all together. This is also known as End to end testing scenario.
Verify thorough trials of every source in the application form to check on for desired outputs.
Evaluating of the user's experience with the application form. .
That is clearly a very basic information of what's involved with system testing. You will need to build precise test circumstances and test suites that test each facet of the application form as seen from the exterior without taking a look at the real source code.
Software Assessment Hierarchy
As with nearly every specialized process, software assessment has an approved order where things should be achieved. The next is a set of software trials categories set up in chronological order. They are the steps taken up to totally test new software in prep for marketing it:
Unit test - Testing performed on each component or stop of code during development. System testing is generally done by the programmer who creates the code.
Integration Testing – This testing method has been applied before, after and during integration of a fresh module into the key software package. This calls for testing of every individual code component. One software application can contain several modules which are generally created by a number of different programmers. It is very important to check each module's influence on the complete program model. As this will help in determining the connection and quality of the product.
System Evaluation - Tests done by a skilled software tester on the completion of software product before it is launched in the marketplace. This test is necessary to perform as this will determine if the software is ready to deliver or not.
Acceptance assessment - Beta tests of the merchandise done by the genuine end users.
Various kinds of System Testing
You will find more than 50 types of System Test. Listed below are some test that are included in the category of system testing.
Usability Testing – Usability Testing mainly emphases on the user's easiness to use the software application, flexibility in handling controls and capability of the system to meet its objectives.
Load Testing – This type of testing is necessary to determine whether the software application perform in real life load or not.
Regression Testing- This type of testing includes regression test that make sure none of the changes that has been made in the SDLC process have resulted in causing new bugs. It also makes sure no old bugs appear from the addition of new software modules over time.
Migration Testing- Migration Testing is performed to ensure that the program can be transferred from old system to current system without the issues.
Functional Tests - Functional testing consists of trying to think about any possible absent functions. Testers might create a set of additional functionalities a product can have to boost it during practical testing.

Wednesday, 1 August 2018

What is Entry and Exit Criteria in Software Testing?

As you pass from one phase of testing into the next, there is a need for control. For the purpose of this post, we will refer to the prior phase as the supplier and the current phase as the recipient. The supplier needs to retain control of their testing phase, until such time as it is deemed ready for release. The recipient needs to ensure that the testing performed by the supplier has achieved a sufficiently high standard as to be acceptable.

The means of achieving this is referred to as Exit Criteria for the supplier and Entry Criteria for the recipient. These criteria are documented in the test plan and define the standards that should be achieved entering and exiting, the test phase described by the document.

The criteria are set by the Test Manager or nominated delegate. They may take any form that the test manager deems necessary, although are more frequently based on defect volumes of certain severity and priority, along with test assets from the supplier.

Consideration should be given to the use of other information, drawing on experiences of dealing with particular project teams, development agencies etc. This requires the Test Manager to be able to think outside of the pure testing aspects of the project, to look and see what else may impact them. Closer to the heart of the Test Manager are subjects like the Test Environment/s and Configuration Management. The environment is one of the main enablers to testing and should be made available two weeks prior to test execution commencing. Without comprehensive Configuration Management the likelihood of controlled deliveries from development into testing is severely reduced. Such events and dependencies make excellent criteria and are sound reasons for not entering into a subsequent phase of testing.

Looking at the testing components only, Test Managers should ensure that the supplier of each testing phase is held accountable for the production of the associated test assets. The volume of defects is often seen as a point of contention. Test Managers should avoid making statements such as zero defects allowed, or setting the bar so high that entry or exit becomes impossible to achieve. Having to relax these criteria because they are impractical corrupts the integrity of the testing function and undermines the credibility of the Test Manager. Work with the Project Manager when setting these criteria, ensuring that they are bought into them and don't rely on just a signature on a document. This gives a higher level of buy in and ensures that any future change to the criteria is going to be resisted by both the Test Manager and the Project Manager. Always ensure that such changes are formally change controlled.

It is recommended that on entry into Integration in the Large, there should be no top priority or top severity defects outstanding. This is not to say that there can be no defects, only that items which are so important to the business as to warrant a top priority, should be resolved as a priority. Defects of the highest severity are perhaps more debatable, but delivering an item with high severity defects indicates that elements of the testing cannot be completed and the deliverable is therefore significantly below the level of functionality that has been specified and is expected.

If circumstances dictate that entry or exit criteria are going to be overruled, as a minimum the risk register needs to be updated to reflect that this has occurred, detailing the impact and mitigating actions. It is worth noting that this is normally indicative of a project in trouble and that timescales are now seriously at risk.

Sunday, 1 July 2018

Biggest Challenges of Mobile Application Testing

Each day there is a new mobile application being developed. These apps are not just helping people to wake up in the morning and read the latest news or to watch their favorite shows, but they are helping people to grow their business. It was a few years ago that these applications were a new invention, and it was all new for people. However, now things have become different, as the market grew over the past few years, the demand for application quality as users has increased.
challenges of mobile application testing
To have a quality application, an efficient mobile app testing is essential. A good application needs to be tested properly, and the quality standards should also be kept in mind. But, what are the biggest challenges of mobile application testing that should be identified?

1. There are many devices that have made testing an actual pain. Most of the manufacturers are creating tablets and smartphones with different screen sizes and other filling such as RAM-memory, CPU, etc. A good application needs to run on devices that your end-user may possess. Therefore, this is the number one mobile testing issue these days.

2. Having an appropriate tool for testing is a major issue. There are tools that are narrow and are not allowing too much functional on various operating systems and devices. Therefore, every device needs a specific set of tools, and these tools are very expensive.

3. With more and more operating systems coming each day, testing has become a lot more difficult nowadays. Certainly, there are always Android and iOS, which are relatively stable, however what if you have a wider set of audience. The total amount of operating systems and their versions with your application might be limitless.

4. Resources with the right knowledge and skilled QA testers are hard to find, this becomes a huge challenge for the companies.

Recommendations on testing strategies

A hands-on approach:  Every tester in this world knows it’s impossible to cover every possible perspective in testing. You can’t cover an extensive amalgamation of all devices and OS versions, so it’s best to target the significant devices. Evaluate which device has the largest market stake and focus on the OS version with the utmost dissemination. Explore what is popular with the demographic being targeted, and you can abstract more worth from your testing.

Go for an unsolidified structure and evade a solid base: Begin using simulators to recognize bugs and functional issues. Afterwards, you can move to tangible devices and perhaps accessed devices remotely when you begin testing in actual conditions and considering network and security impact.

Checking the quality of the product mainly through functional and usability testing should be the main aim, but one has to keep a vigilant check that new features may be discarded into the mix during development. Everything must be checked before it goes live.

The challenges of mobile testing are exceptional. The fact is that each testing choice a tester takes up will have advantages and disadvantages associated with it, and the tester needs to identify what will be a perfect choice. For that, an extensive testing strategy combined with different testing options that together will provide you with the best testing which as a result balances the quality, transaction cost, and time-to-market.

We all knows that the challenges of mobile testing are distinctive and therefore is the solution which is the combination of tools, platforms, frameworks and testing experts; that strike the balance between cost, quality and time-to-market.

You might have worked on building the useful app, but to make it effective in the market it has to work effectively. An effective and active mobile testing approach forms the base of delivering rock-solid, right-first-time apps

Friday, 22 June 2018

Steps to Success in Test Automation Your Software Testing

Many companies nowadays prefer to follow test automation as it offers various advantages. It is necessary to perform testing of the software application to make sure the effective working of the software. By applying test automation you can perform repetitive tasks and exhaustive testing.  The software has to perform as well in every single platform and scenario and should be a strategic aspect of the complete SDLC. The goal of this procedure is to eliminate man made errors and provide faster results.

Automated Testing helps merchants accelerate testing of complex business processes and ensure the highest degree of application performance, security and reliability. But it does not come on its own. A well planned strategy is required to reap maximum benefits of automation testing. Test automation has been one of the most helpful means of testing software today.

But many companies not able to get success in test automation due to lack of knowledge and implementing procedure. Let’s take a look at 6 steps to achieve success in test automation. These steps are easy but are often ignored, bringing about failing.

Understanding and determination

Initial, the team needs to realize that automation is essential and everyone should be committed to the cause. The software testers should realize that automation testing is assisted by computer and is not a totally automated process. So the testers' involvement in test data generation, report examination, installation, script creation and result analysis remains essential.


The process must be well defined, without ad-hoc testing and positioning defined for the test, test coverage and test conditions for every single step.

Dedicated team of Professionals

There should be a dedicated number of automation testers that are exclusively assigned to check into test automation. Automation program should not be treated as a part time work, you have to give proper dedication to achieve success.

Aim of software

You must be clear about the complete goal of using test automation for your task. It could be increasing the test coverage, reducing the time for test execution, eliminating the chances of destabilization or touching some other aspects of testing like API testing. Primary of the automation program must be clarified and the complete strategy must pan away accordingly.

Sticking to code guidelines

Automation testers need to know that automation is nearly the same as that of development and hence the complete scripting should be in adherence to coding guidelines. Data powered approach should be implemented to allow unlimited assessment by just changing the data. Concepts like reusability and data independence should be followed.

Choosing the right tool

The success of test automation greatly will depend on the best choice of test automation tool. You have to consider factors like purpose, efficiency, user friendliness, kind of product and cost. There are plenty of specific tools for different types of testing like Win jogger and Silk Test for GUI testing, nunit and junit for unit testing. You can even find free tools like Selenium that may be manipulated and custom-made in accordance with the requirement.

Identifying the right tests

Since all test cases cannot be computerized, the emphasis should be on automating those test cases that are high on priority or which may have high chances of failing. The high activity program paths like invoice era, order placement, integration details between two components or applications, critically important procedures and the areas that need repetitive testing are perfect cases for automation testing.

These steps are supposed to show you in your quest for success in automation testing projects. Proceed with an open mind and become receptive to ideas. Build a strategy with smaller goals in mind and increase strength by strength.

Monday, 11 June 2018

How To Choose Correct Tool For Test Automation

Testing companies are progressively turning their heads to QA automation as a means to rapidly run repeatable test cases without the requirement of manual execution. This delivers QA teams with peace of mind that the code is still being analysed and gives back time to complete other essential tasks.

Automation Testing How do you select the right automation testing tool for your QA teams? This blog post will help you in selecting the best automation tool. Test automation can significantly improve your productivity, testing team motivation and product quality if you are capable to choose the right testing tool.

Testing web applications is vital to ensuring a perfect user experience.   With constant changes being made to applications and websites, and the number of supported browsers always increasing, it’s essential to use QA testing tools to manage and test your web app.

Listed below are few points that you must consider to select the right testing automation tool for your project:

#1: Versatility

Prefer to look for an automation tool that supports the form of automated testing you require -- organizations every so often select to automate functional testing, unit testing and load testing.

Make sure that the tool offers broad testing help, as your requirements may varies in the future according to your project. Some tools have add-ons option also but it comes with an extra cost.

#2. Ease of use

This is considered as the main factor because if the tool is not ease to use then it may hinder the success of automation testing project as testing professionals will not able to use it effectively.  Quality Analyst will have to write and manage test cases all in one platform.

Tool must have clear navigation and UI to perform test cases effectively. We suggest that teams must use free trial of testing tool in order to get feel of every choice and decide if it suits their testing needs.

#3: Platform Compatibility

Although, a tool works on all the platform and operating systems but it’s good if you check the tool. Various testing tools only handle Java application so take your time and research thoroughly. Always remember to anticipate your requirements as you may be using different compilers to form your products in the future.

#4: Image testing

Under this form of testing, UI components are recognised by their images instead of object attributes. Not all test automation tools provide this option, but if your tool has this option then it’s a benefit for you.

#5: Database testing

This testing includes evaluating database functions, triggers and logical views that will be used for refactoring. Using automation would make these activities much more manageable and will eliminate the chance of human-introduced errors.

#6: Test Creation

Prefer to select the automation testing tool that provides different methods to accomplish the same task. If scripting is only the choice for creating automates test cases then this will create difficulty for fresher team member.  According to me, the best allows all team personnel to run the tests efficiently, irrespective of their automation experience.

There are various automation tools available for companies to choose from – the simple trick is understanding what your procedures are and which sources will support these activities. A test automation tool must be capable to meet your requirements both now and when climbing for the future, so it is important that a proper assessment is done when making your choice.

Have fun testing! Explore our other interesting posts on software automation testing. If you like these tips kindly take a moment to share with your friends.

Friday, 8 June 2018

5 Myths About QA and Testing Services In 2018

Software testing services are quite necessary to design software that full-fledged meets the requirement and the purpose of software. If you are going to build an app then it must be necessary for you to go for testing phase as here you will get to know the compatibility issues, devices issues and so many.
QA and Testing Services
IEEE 12207 defines Quality Assurance as “a process for providing adequate assurance that the software products and processes in the product life cycle conform to their specific requirements and adhere to their established plans.”

Although quality assurance has proved its potential by confirming development businesses to launch a spotless application, there are still several myths associated with QA and testing services. Let’s discuss some of the popular myths that are associated with QA.

Myth #1: Testing and Assurance Are the Same

Most of the software application development companies, particularly the start-ups, always think that "testing" and "quality assurance" are one and the similar. Though they are related to each other, they are totally different features. Software testing is detecting the bugs and errors in the app and Quality assurance works on the proper working of the application. Quality Assurance is a proactive process and is Prevention in nature. It recognizes flaws in the process. Quality Assurance has to complete before Quality Control.

Myth #2: QA Should be Involved Only at the End of the Development Cycle

Many companies follow the waterfall model so they perform software testing phase at the end of the of the development lifecycle, but in agile methodologies, everything should be performed in hand on hand means testing process should be started at the initial stages of the project. By following this approach you will get to know about the bugs in the apps at the initial stages only and you don’t have to wait to fix the errors at the end.

So according to me try to follow the agile approach in software testing and get ahead in this competition. This is considered as the best practice for quality assurance and demonstrates to be more cost-effective for the software development company.

Myth #3: Quality Assurance Increase the Overall Cost of Development

Many think that QA increases the overall cost of the company and goes above the budget. But fixing the errors at the end stage of the project is more costly rather than fixing them in the initial stages. And testing and QA helps the company to fix all the errors before the app goes live. This helps in bringing down the cost of fixing the bugs as well as holding the brand reputation. Nobody wants to launch their app with errors as it will lead to failure of the business if the app customer to customer.

Myth #4: Only Development Should be Outsourced, not Quality Assurance?

We have seen that development part has given more priority than testing. And many companies prefer to go for outsourcing of development part. If development part is outsourced then according to my opinion it may lead to spending a lot of time and money on debugging the application at a later stage.

If the errors are not indeed dealt with, these snitch into the production stage and influence the user experience and whole productivity of the user. This is taken care by the QA team, which enthusiastically work to identify all the possible bugs and make sure a high-end product.

Myth #5: All Phases of Testing can be Automated

I agree that now many are moving towards automation testing but at some point of project manual testing also needed. It may perhaps true that automation testing holds onto the manual interference to a minimum and supports in attaining quick and precise results.

But, there are many examples, such as running certain test cases once or running ad-hoc, where the manual is chosen over automation.

Thursday, 2 April 2015

Software Quality Assurance: Why do you require it?

With the fierce competition in the business sphere, it's paramount to have strategic advantage. However, the task apparently seems to be big challenge since an enterprise often grapples with countless core & non-core business objectives. It has been observed that in order to meet the product release date, often testing time is considerably reduced; this greatly hampers the quality of the product. To ensure good-quality product release, most companies today prefer to outsource their software testing assignments offshore.

How to Make Software Quality Assurance More Realistic

A constant increase is noted in the number of enterprises integrating software QA as part of the development cycles. Also, many companies are adopting test driven development approach (TDD) to enhance quality, efficiency and productivity.

But a number of reports have highlighted how the software QA strategies of many organizations fail despite putting time, resources and funds. Several experts have thought the software testing industry needs a reality check in order to thrive in upcoming years. According to these experts, software QA industry, just like manufacturing industry, must explore innovative ways to meet the constant changes in test automation tools, testing methodologies and application architecture. At the same time, each organization also needs to understand how to make its QA strategy more realistic and effective.

1. Identify Key Elements of Software Testing: While making the testing strategy, you must identify the key elements of software QA like test strategy, test plan, test cases, test environment and test data. Each of these elements contributes towards optimizing your software QA. These elements can also be considered by your manual as well as automated testing strategy. Each aspects of a QA must concentrate on these elements to emulate the real user behavior and environment. Further, these elements will help you in deciding the test automation tools required to create the perfect environment for software QA.

2. Eliminate the Unnecessary Processes: While planning software QA, many people forget that many quality control techniques have evolved from the manufacturing industry. These techniques and practices often make software testing both process-driven and procedural-driven. There are always chances that some of these process-driven or procedural-driven techniques may not complement the latest trends in software testing. That is why; it becomes essential to evaluate each of these processes based on what you need to check. You must identify and eliminate these process-driven and procedural-driven methods to effectuate your QA strategy.

3. Avoid the Over-Hyped Tools: When you decide to automate your software QA, it becomes essential to invest in test automation tools and programs. You have options to choose from loads of testing tools available in the market. Most enterprises prefer the latest test automation tools to get better results. But you must remember that often companies launch marketing campaigns to hype their software testing tools. There are also chances that the latest tools available in the market may not complement your specific needs. So you must evaluate the pros and cons of each tool to ensure that it is managing both quality and coverage, while articulating the risk properly.

4. Decide the Test Cases to be Automated: You have option to automate all or selected test cases. Many experts advise QA engineers to automate the test cases that need to be tested repeatedly and frequently. At the same time, many experts even recommend enterprises to automate most of the test cases to get high quality and ROI. An organization has to invest more funds to automate its software QA completely. But one must not ignore the test cases that can be evaluated only manually. The testing strategy of an organization must seamlessly integrate both automated and manual test cases to deliver quality test data.

5. Prevent Context Leakage: Many companies outsource software QA to save both efforts and funds. However, the outsourcing of software testing projects can have a negative effect due to context leakage. Similar to software development, context is of great importance to both testing and QA reporting. Also, the QA engineers deployed by the outsourced company do not have access to the primary source of information that results in more context leakages. So you must explore option to prevent context leakage while outsourcing software QA. It is always important to coordinate with the QA team constantly to make the testing more contextual and realistic.

The software QA strategy of an enterprise must consider the latest trends in software application testing. It must emphasize on some of the best practices and industry standards to make the process more productive and efficient.

Author: Ken Miller

Six Benefits of Selenium as Automation Testing Tool

To ensure flawless user experience, it is an absolute essential to test the web applications. Constant changes have to be made to applications as well as websites; even the number of browsers supporting are increasing continuously.

These facilitate the necessity of having efficient as well as effective test automation solution so that on-going testing is made possible which leads to rapid bug isolation and ultimately exceptional performance.                         

Supporting multiple test frameworks- Selenium is actually sort of a GUI driving library and not just a testing tool. Users are allowed by this tool to wrap test scripts in a framework of their taste. They can use whatever framework they like and reap advantages offered by the particular capabilities of the framework.

Software suite with community support- Selenium users are able to take advantage of a number of tools. Firefox plugins can assist you in running as well as recording of your tests. Another tool helps in the taking of tests so that they may be deployed in clustered environment to optimize your resource usage.

Applicability to AJAX- This feature is an inherent one; when the tool works in your browser, the main technology that drives the test case and AUT or application under tests work side by side. This enables immense control over AJAX web application testing.

Through this automation testing tool total test cycle is reduced to 8 hours from 2 weeks. The release cycles become shorter and the near shore model leads to overall cost reduction by 60%. Testing cases are not only low maintenance but they may be reused as well. There are a multitude of other advantages and features associated with Selenium web testing tool which can be reaped during usage. It also makes it possible for you to introduce benchmarks so that software quality may be increased. For any kind of problem or information, you can always turn to the several web communities as well as excellent quality documents.

Author:  Ken Miller
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Wednesday, 1 April 2015

Why Selenium is becoming so popular?

Why Selenium is becoming so popular?

 A number of recent reports have highlighted the rise in the use of Selenium as a software testing framework for internet applications.

Despite being a portable framework, Selenium enables QA engineers to write test scripts in a wide range of programming languages including C#, Java, PHP, Perl, Ruby, Python and Groovy. The testing professionals can further use the record/playback tool provided by Selenium to write test scripts without learning any new programming language. 

The open source framework further makes it easier for testers to evaluate the performance of a web application by running tests on some of the widely used web browsers.


Supports AJAX and TDD

A constant increase is being noted in the number web applications delivering richer user experience by using AJAX technologies. So the QA engineers are required to test the application by using a framework that strongly supports AJAX technologies. As Selenium supports AJAX technologies strongly, it can be used to assess the complex internet applications. Selenium can also be used to test the applications developed by using Agile and extreme programming (XP) methodologies. That is why; an enterprise can use the web application testing framework to adopt Test Driven Development (TDD).

Option to Access Selenium Ecosystem

The QA engineers also have option to access a large Selenium ecosystem that consist both open source tools and commercial services. For instance, they can access functional test services like BrowserStack, Sauce Labs and TestingBot to carry out Selenium cloud testing without putting any extra time and effort. Likewise, they can use Neustar to avail load testing and website monitoring services based on Selenium. The availability of open source tools and commercial services also contribute towards the rise in use of Selenium.

Reduces Testing Cost

Many enterprises, nowadays, opt for open source software development and testing frameworks to curtail overall project cost. Despite being a powerful and dynamic web application development framework, Selenium is still open source and free. Like Sahi and Watir, Selenium also allows users to avail the test automation framework and tools without paying any licensing fees. The low cost and open source nature of Selenium also makes it effective in bringing down the web application testing cost.

The QA engineers also have option to choose Selenium IDE or Selenium WebDriver. Selenium IDE is designed as a Firefox add-on to record-and-playback the interactions with the web browser. On the other hand, Selenium WebDriver can be used to create browser-based regression automation, while reusing the test scripts in multiple environments. To get maximum benefits of testing, you may consider hiring services of a selenium automated testing company.